Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) is a species of global priority for conservation. It is listedas VU (=vulnerable, considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild) in IUCN Red List (IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).
The slim falcon with the bluish head and the unspotted reddish-brown back is a bit smaller than its relative the Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and has white claws. The bird prefers exponated breeding places in open semidesert and mountain steppe habitats. The habitat of the globally threatened species Lesser Kestrel concentrates on one single breeding place in southern Armenian Syunik Marz. The geographically restricted breeding habitat of the species in Armenia leads to the fact that the birds are particular threatened by habitat changes and loss caused by human activities.
The first action by ASPB to protect the species directly was to call in international experts (the Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux, LPO) and help develop a conservation plan. This work was paralleled with monitoring of the species and public awareness and education activities within local communities. Local schoolchildren are now involved to build the nest boxes that will address the first problem: the loss of nesting site which will follow the restoration work of the building hosting the colony.